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14th International Conference on Microbial Interactions & Microbial Ecology

Vienna, Austria

Ram Chandra

Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Central University, India

Title: Detection of androgenic-mutagenic compounds and potential autochthonous bacterial communities during in-situ bioremediation of hazardous distillery waste

Biography

Biography: Ram Chandra

Abstract

Sugarcane-molasses-based distillery waste is well known for its toxicity and complex mixture of various recalcitrant organic pollutants, but the chemical nature of these pollutants is unknown. Distilleries release 12 to 15 liters of spent wash per liter of alcohol produced. Currently, there are more than 319 distilleries in India, reflecting the magnitude of the problem due to the presence of various complex pollutants in anaerobically digested distillery waste. This study revealed the presence of toxic organic acids (butanedioic acid bis(TMS)ester; 2-hydroxysocaproic acid; benzenepropanoic acid, and other recalcitrant organic pollutants (2-furancarboxylic acid, 5-[[(TMS)oxy] methyl], TMS ester; and tricarballylic acid 3TMS, dodecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, n-pentadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol trimethyl ether, heptacosane, dotriacontane, lanosta-8, 24-dien-3-one, 1-methylene-3-methyl butanol, 1-phenyl-1-propanol, 5-methyl-2-(1-methylethyl) cycohexanol,and 2-ethylthio-10-hydroxy-9-methoxy-1,4 anthraquinone which are listed as endocrine-disrupting chemicals. In addition, several major heavy metals were detected, including Fe (163.947), Mn (4.556), Zn (2.487), and Ni (1.175mg l−1). Bacterial community analysis by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) revealed that Bacillus, Stenotrophomonas and Enterococcus were dominant autochthonous bacterial communities belonging to the phylum Firmicutes and γ-Proteobacteria. The presence of Bacillus Stenotrophomonas and Enterococcus species in highly toxic environments indicated its broad range adaptation. These findings indicated that these autochthonous bacterial communities were pioneer taxa for in situ remediation of this hazardous waste during ecological succession. Further, a toxicity evaluation showed a reduction of toxicity in degraded samples of distillery waste, confirming the role of autochthonous bacterial communities in the bioremediation of distillery waste in situ.